Category: Hindustani and carnatic music upsc

Two main schools of classical music — Hindustani and Carnatic — continue to survive through oral tradition being passed on by teachers to disciples. This has led to the existence of family traditions called gharanas and sampradayas.

Do you know the difference between Hindustani Music and Carnatic music

The most famous are the tabla, sitar, sarangi, santur, and the sarod. Types of Hindustani Music and its meaning Dhrupad — Effort from vocal chords and lungs.

Dhamar — Play of Krishna during holy. Khayal — Delicate, romantic and based on imagination. Thumri — Romantic religious literature. Tappa — Quick turn of phase. Bhajan — Religious devotional songs. Tarana — Syllables sung together to set a rhythm. Sabadas — Sikh religious songs. Qawali — Indo-Muslim repertories of songs in groups.

Ghazal — Independent couplets on love and devotion. Types of Carnatic Music and its meaning Ragam Tanam-Pallavi — Elaborate rhythmic and melodic variation in unmeasured sense. Kriti-Kirthanai — Most popular type which refers to devotional music laced with poetic beauty.

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Varnam — Performed at the beginning of a concert; a completely composed piece. Padam — Slower tempoed love songs referring to the human yearning for the adored god head. Javalis — Faster tempoed love songs with direct description of human love. Tillana — Meaningful phrases are interspersed with variety of meaningless syllables. Skip to content info upscsuccess. Share this:.Carnatic music is a system of music associated with the southern part of Indian sub continent.

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Hindustani music is associated with North India and is deeply influenced by Persian and Islamic music system. Thus both are having great association with religion. Carnatic is Comparatively pure and was developed in 15th 16th century during Bhakti movement and also get boost in 19th th century. In Hindustani music vocal- centric group is required. Many instruments are designed to accompany the singer. While Carnatic music embraces several varieties of improvisation consist of Alpana, Niraval, kalpnaswaram and Ragam Thana pallavi.

It is a tradition that originated in Vedic ritual chants and has been evolving since the 12th century CE, in North India and to some extent in Nepal and Afghanistan. Carnatic music Karnataka Sangita : A system of music commonly associated with the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its area roughly confined to four modern states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

It is one of two main sub-genres of Indian classical music that evolved from ancient Hindu traditions; the other sub-genre being Hindustani music, which emerged as a distinct form because of Persian and Islamic influences in North India. Skip to main content. Home What's New! About us! Disclaimer Privacy Policy Testimonials Contact us. Report Error or Discrepancy! Civil Services Main Exam. General Studies. Site Search Search.

How to Prepare?Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. The pitch which governs melody and harmonyrhythm and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulationdynamics loudness and softnessand the sonic qualities of timbre and texture are the common elements of music.

There are multiple varieties of Indian music such as classical music, folk music, filmi music, Indian rock and Indian pop.

L18: Hindustani and Carnatic Music - Art and Culture - Nitin Singhania - UPSC CSE Hindi

All the forms of Indian music are listed in two types of music, i. Hindustani Music, Carnatic music. He is credited with systematising some aspects of Hindustani music, and also introducing several ragas such as Yaman Kalyan, Zeelaf and Sarpada.

He created the Qawwali genre, which fuses Persian melody and beat on a Dhrupad like structure. A number of instruments such as the sitar were also introduced in his time. Hindustani music is mostly popular in North India. When the Persian elements became popular in medieval India, this led to the emergence of the Hindustani music.

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Dhrupad is considered as the oldest creation of Hindustani musicwhich is a creation of Swami Haridas. Over the time Khyal, Thumri, Thappa Tirana etc. Architectural Landmarks of the Sultanate Period. The main characteristics of Hindustani style of music are given below:. Emphasis on the moral construction of the song Nadi and Samvadi swars.

Taal is not accompanied afterwards. Full swars are considered to be complete, after which the distorted swars are introduced. Time limits are followed. There are different ragas for morning and evening.

Purandar Das is considered as the founder of the Carnatic style of music. The credit for the development of the Carnatic style goes mainly to three musicians named— Shyama Shastri, Tyagaraja and Muthuswami Dikshitar. They are called the triratnas of Carnatic music.

Their period stands from to AD.

hindustani and carnatic music upsc

They all are considered among the seven great exponents of the Carnatic music. Laya is considered important in playing of the instrument associated with the Carnatic music. Temples Built during the Chola Period. Characteristics of Carnatic Style of Music. The distorted swars are named according to the shrutis. They are started afterwards. The purity of swars are based on less shrutis, meaning high purity.

The time durations are well-defined in the Carnatic music. Which Indian languages are accorded the status of a Classical Languages in India? Do you know the difference between Hindustani Music and Carnatic music There are multiple varieties of Indian music such as classical music, folk music, filmi music, Indian rock and Indian pop.

Do you know the difference between Hindustani Music and Carnatic music. Related Categories History of India. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy.

Home 20 Trending Quiz Feedback Add to home.Similarities and difference Hindustani and Carnatic styles of classical music. September 12, What are the important similarities and difference between the Hindustani and the Carnatic styles of classical music?

After that period, classical music has been divided into two distinct styles. In North India, Persian and Mughal influence started making its place very strongly with Amir Khusro, Tansen and his contemporary musicians mostly performed in Dhrupad genre and later Khayal singing was popularised by Ladarang-Adarang.

Similarities between Hindustani and Carnatic styles of classical music are Both the styles give prime importance to melodyunlike Western music where harmony is given much more importance. Both have one dominant swara or vadi swar in each Raga.

Both use Tanpura with one or two notes to represent pitch and base in Raga rendition. Difference between Hindustani and Carnatic styles of classical music are, Both have their rhythms segmented into so called Talas Talambut the systems to develop them are different. The tradition of Hindustani was a result of a cultural synthesis from Traditional Vedic chants, Persian tradition of Musiqui-e-Assil and pervalent folk tradition, while Carnatic music is mainly through compositions, especially the Kriti of 16thth century AD.

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hindustani and carnatic music upsc

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March 24, Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Compare and contrast Hindustani classical music with Carnatic music. Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania. The question is about comparing the two schools of music — Hindustani and Carnatic. One has to present the key features of the two schools of the Music and provide for a detailed contrast and comparison between the two.

Compare and contrast — provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two. Give a brief introduction about Indian music. One can state facts, historical genesis of Indian music. Hindustani and Carnatic music are the two main sub-genres of Indian classical music. Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti. Highlight similarities between Hindustani classical and Carnatic music.

Conclude that both the music genres are associated with great personalities such as Tansen, Amir Khusrau in Hindustani music and Tyagaraja, Syama Sastri in Carnatic music. Thus, both the genres have contributed to the enrichment of Indian classical music. Key Demand of the question: One has to present the key features of the two schools of the Music and provide for a detailed contrast and comparison between the two.

Directive: Compare and contrast — provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. Structure of the answer: Introduction: Give a brief introduction about Indian music. Body: Hindustani and Carnatic music are the two main sub-genres of Indian classical music. While Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti Movement. Give the differences between the two.

Conclusion: Conclude that both the music genres are associated with great personalities such as Tansen, Amir Khusrau in Hindustani music and Tyagaraja, Syama Sastri in Carnatic music. Why did the movement fade out by ? Why IPS? Why IFS?Hindustani vs Carnatic. The fact is, and music lovers all over the country know it, Hindustani and Carnatic are types of music that are not only different, they reflect the North South divide which is already apparent in all walks of life.

However, for those who do not know, this could be a fascinating journey into a world of music. Let us find out the major differences between Hindustani and Carnatic music.

hindustani and carnatic music upsc

Indian classical music has a long history and westerners think of it as Hindustani music only which is not true. A different style of music has continued to evolve with Hindustani music in the South of India known as Carnatic music. Though both styles are similar in that one raga per composition is used and tala is also restricted to one, there are many differences that will be discussed here. It is a common perception that Hindustani music has had a lot of influences from Persian music because of hundreds of years of Islamic rule in North India.

But if one were to take into account a large Muslim population in south India, especially in Kerala, it appears that this is not a valid point to justify differences in the two styles of music that have become known as north and south India divide in the music world.

While both Hindustani and Carnatic styles of music are monophonic and make use of a tanpura to maintain the melody. The raga used in the composition is maintained using definite scales but in Carnatic music there are semitones shrutis to create a raga which is why we find a larger number of ragas in Carnatic music than Hindustani music. Not only ragas are different, there names are also different in the two styles of music.

However, one can find some ragas with the same scale in both styles such as Hindolam comparable to Malkauns in Hindustani, and Shankarabharnam being same as raga Bilawal in Hindustani.

Even if ragas are same, they can be rendered in totally contrasting styles in Hindustani or Carnatic music. Another difference between the two styles of music lies in the fact that there is a bandish of time in Hindustani music which is not there in Carnatic music. Thaats, which are an important concept in Hindustani music is not there in Carnatic style where malkarta concept is used instead.

Hindustani music does not give that much importance to the vocalist as is found in Carnatic music. Carnatic music can be considered more rigid than Hindustani music as there is a prescribed style of singing. On the other hand, there is more than a single style of singing in Hindustani music known as gharanas in Hindustani music. Two of the most famous styles of singing are the Jaipur gharana and Gwalior gharana.

The source of Hindustani music is considered to be Sangita Ratnakara of Sarangdeva while Carnatic music has influences from various musical stalwarts like Purandaradasa, Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri. If one takes a look at the musical instruments accompanying a vocalist in the two styles of music, there are some similarities as well as differences.

While violin and flute are present in both, it is the use of tabla, sarangi, sitar, santoor, and clarionet that dominate Hindustani music whereas musical instruments that are commonly found in Carnatic music are veena, mridangam, mandolin, and jalatarangam. In this post, the author provides evidence supporting and disproving certain arguments pertaining to the differences between these two types of classical Indian music — Hindustani and Carnatic.

I also like how the author mentioned the stress on vocals in Carnatic music in contrast to Hindustani music. As far as the claim about monophonic texture goes, I feel it really depends on the song itself and the types of songs.

When looking at Carnatic Krithis, the alapana which can be referred to as an acapella vocal solo with a common instrumental following could be monophonic if only a vocalist, otherwise heterophonic. The actual song, however, with the violin and the mridangam yet again, a pitched drum along with the tanpura would be more likely be homophony and heterophony because of the rhythmic mridangam accompaniment and the follow the leader style violin accompaniment.I would definitely recommend people go to Iceland - it's such an amazing country the beautiful scenery and the warmth and friendliness of everyone.

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Important Similarities and Difference Between Hindustani & Carnatic Styles of Classic Music?

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